May 01, 2020

Modeling EDFA Gain Ripple and Filter Penalties with Machine Learning for Accurate QoT Estimation

  • Christodoulopoulos K.
  • Mahajan A.
  • Martinez Ricardo
  • Munoz R.
  • Spadaro S.

© 1983-2012 IEEE. For reliable and efficient network planning and operation, accurate estimation of Quality of Transmission (QoT) before establishing or reconfiguring the connection is necessary. In optical networks, a design margin is generally included in a QoT estimation tool (Qtool) to account for modeling and parameter inaccuracies, ensuring the acceptable performance. In this article, we use monitoring information from an operating network combined with supervised machine learning (ML) techniques to understand the network conditions. In particular, we model the penalties generated due to i) Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifier (EDFA) gain ripple effect, and ii) filter spectral shape uncertainties at Reconfigurable Optical Add and Drop Multiplexer (ROADM) nodes. Enhancing the Qtool with the proposed ML regression models yields estimates for new or reconfigured connections that account for these two effects, resulting in more accurate QoT estimation and a reduced design margin. We initially propose two supervised ML regression models, implemented with Support Vector Machine Regression (SVMR), to estimate the individual penalties of the two effects and then a combined model. On Deutsche Telekom (DT) network topology with 12 nodes and 40 bidirectional links, we achieve a design margin reduction of ?1 dB for new connection requests.

View Original Article

Recent Publications

May 01, 2020

A Packaged 0.01-26-GHz Single-Chip SiGe Reflectometer for Two-Port Vector Network Analyzers

  • Chung H.
  • Ma Q.
  • Rebeiz G.
  • Sayginer M.

© 1963-2012 IEEE. This article presents a packaged SiGe BiCMOS reflectometer for 0.01-26-GHz two-port vector network analyzers (VNAs). The reflectometer chip is composed of a resistive bridge coupler and two wideband heterodyne receivers for coherent magnitude and phase detection. In addition, a high-linearity receiver channel is designed to accommodate 20 ...

August 01, 2019

Protecting photonic quantum states using topology

  • Blanco-Redondo A.

The use of topology to protect quantum information is well-known to the condensed-matter community and, indeed, topological quantum computing is a bursting field of research and one of the competing avenues to demonstrate that quantum computers can complete certain problems that classical computers cannot. In photonics, however, we are only ...

May 01, 2019

Digital networks at the nexus of productivity growth

  • Kamat S.
  • Prakash S.
  • Saniee I.
  • Weldon M.

This paper takes a fresh look at the debate over the relationship between digital technology and productivity. The argument of economic historian Robert J. Gordon is that digital technology will not lead to increases in productivity such as we saw in the last century, based on his analysis of the ...