April 01, 2020

UAV-Aided Air-to-Ground Cooperative Nonorthogonal Multiple Access

  • Gacanin H.
  • Gui G.
  • Liu M.
  • Sari H.
  • Sun J.
  • Zhao N.

This article aims to improve spectrum efficiency (SE) for the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)-relayed cellular uplinks, through distinguishing both line-of-sight (LoS) and non-LoS (NLoS) links. Meanwhile, aiming to accommodate the air-to-ground (A2G) cooperative nonorthogonal multiple access (NOMA)-based cellular users (CUs) with a high energy efficiency (EE), a joint resource allocation (RA) problem is further considered for the UAV and the CUs. To solve the problem, first, an access-priority-based receiver determination (RD) method is derived. According to the RD result, the heuristic user association (UA) strategies are given. Then, based on the UA result, transmission powers of the CUs and the UAV are initialized based on their quality-of-service (QoS) demands. Furthermore, the subchannels are assigned to the associated CUs and the UAV with the reweighted message-passing algorithm. Finally, the transmission power of the CUs and the UAV is jointly fine-tuned with the proposed access control schemes. Compared with the traditional orthogonal frequency-division multiple access (OFDMA) scheme and the traditional ground-to-ground (G2G) NOMA scheme, simulation results confirm that the UAV-aided NOMA with the proposed joint RA scheme yields better performances in terms of the SE, the EE, and the access ratio of the CUs.

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