January 01, 2018

Modulation over Nonlinear Fourier Spectrum: Continuous and Discrete Spectrum

Nonlinear Frequency Division Multiplexed (NFDM) systems are considered when data is modulated in both parts of the nonlinear Fourier spectrum: continuous spectrum and discrete spectrum. An efficient algorithm is introduced to generate a time-domain signal from a given nonlinear spectrum. The transmission of such NFDM symbols is experimentally demonstrated over 1460 km standard single-mode fiber with EDFA-only amplification. In each NFDM symbol, the continuous spectrum is modulated by 64x0.5Gbaud OFDM symbols with 32-QAM format whereas the discrete spectrum contains four eigenvalues with the same imaginary part, each one is modulated by 8-PSK format, resulting a line rate of 55.3 Gbps. The cross-talk between different nonlinear modes is quantified in terms of cross-correlation and the performance loss is computed in terms of mutual information when each nonlinear modes is detected individually.

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