November 01, 2017

Anthropogenic Space Weather

  • Baker D.
  • Balogh A.
  • Erickson P.
  • Gombosi T.
  • Huba J.
  • Lanzerotti L.

Anthropogenic effects on the space environment started in the late 19th century and reached their peak in the 1960s when high-altitude nuclear explosions were carried out by the USA and the Soviet Union. These explosions created artificial radiation belts near Earth that resulted in major damages to several satellites. Another, unexpected impact of the high-altitude nuclear tests was the electromagnetic pulse (EMP) that can have devastating effects over a large geographic area (as large as the continental United States). Other anthropogenic impacts on the space environment include chemical release experiments, high-frequency wave heating of the ionosphere and the interaction of VLF waves with the radiation belts. This paper reviews the fundamental physical process behind these phenomena and discusses the observations of their impacts.

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Recent Publications

January 01, 2019

Friendly, appealing or both? Characterising user experience in sponsored search landing pages

  • Bron M.
  • Chute M.
  • Evans H.
  • Lalmas M.
  • Redi M.
  • Silvestri F.

© 2017 International World Wide Web Conference Committee (IW3C2), published under Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 License. Many of today's websites have recognised the importance of mobile friendly pages to keep users engaged and to provide a satisfying user experience. However, next to the experience provided by the sites themselves, ...

January 01, 2019

Analyzing uber's ride-sharing economy

  • Aiello L.
  • Djuric N.
  • Grbovic M.
  • Kooti F.
  • Lerman K.
  • Radosavljevic V.

© 2017 International World Wide Web Conference Committee (IW3C2), published under Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 License. Uber is a popular ride-sharing application that matches people who need a ride (or riders) with drivers who are willing to provide it using their personal vehicles. Despite its growing popularity, there exist ...

January 01, 2019

The paradigm-shift of social spambots: Evidence, theories, and tools for the arms race

  • Cresci S.
  • Petrocchi M.
  • Pietro R.
  • Spognardi A.
  • Tesconi M.

© 2017 International World Wide Web Conference Committee (IW3C2), published under Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 License. Recent studies in social media spam and automation provide anecdotal argumentation of the rise of a new generation of spambots, so-called social spambots. Here, for the first time, we extensively study this novel ...