May 20, 2017

The Actual Cost of Software Switching for NFV Chaining

  • Caggiani Luizelli M.
  • Raz D.
  • Saar Y.
  • Yallouz J.

Network Function Virtualization (NFV) is a novel paradigm allowing flexible and scalable implementation of network services on cloud infrastructure. An important enabler for the NFV paradigm is software switching, which needs to satisfy rigid network requirements such as high throughput and low latency. Despite recent research activities in the field of NFV, not much attention was given to understanding the costs of software switching in NFV deployments. Existing approaches for traffic steering and orchestration of virtual network functions either neglect the cost of software switching or assume that it can be provided as an input, and therefore real NFV deployments of network services is often suboptimal. In this work, we conduct an extensive and in-depth evaluation of the impact of service chaining deployments on Open vSwitch -- the de facto standard software switch for cloud environments. We provide insights on network performance metrics such as latency, throughput, CPU utilization and packet processing, when considering different placement strategies of a service chain. We then use these insights to provide an abstract generalized cost function that accurately captures the CPU cost for network switching in deployed service chains, which is an essential building block for any practical optimization placement strategy for NFV service chaining.

Recent Publications

January 01, 2018

Fair Dynamic Spectrum Management for QRD-Based Precoding with User Encoding Ordering in Downstream G.fast Transmission

In next generation DSL networks such as G.fast, employing discrete multi-tone transmission in high frequencies up to 212 MHz, the crosstalk among lines reaches very high levels. To precompensate the crosstalk in downstream transmission, QRD-based precoding has been proposed as a near-optimal dynamic spectrum management (DSM) technique. However, the performance ...

January 01, 2018

Practical Mitigation of Passive Intermodulation in Microstrip Circuits

This paper presents new experimental evidence and a novel practical approach for mitigation of passive intermodulation (PIM) in microstrip circuits fabricated on commercial printed circuit board laminates. The mechanisms of distributed PIM in microstrip circuits are reviewed and a phenomenology of PIM generation due to locally enhanced electromagnetic fields at ...

January 01, 2018

Efficient Cooperative HARQ for Multi-Source Multi-Relay Wireless Networks

In this paper, we compare the performance of three different cooperative Hybrid Automatic Repeat reQuest (HARQ) protocols for slow-fading half-duplex orthogonal multiple access multiple relay channel. Channel State Information (CSI) is available at the receiving side of each link only. Time Division Multiplexing is assumed, where each orthogonal transmission occurs ...