Technologies driving 5G standards
Nokia Bell Labs pioneered many of the fundamental technology innovations that are being adopted into 5G standards. Nokia has played a key role in driving the first set of globally interoperable 5G standards to completion with 3GPP Release 15. We continue to realize our holistic 5G vision within Releases 16 and 17, including the network features to enable true industrial automation.
Enabling Release 15 initial deployments
Low-density parity check
Nokia Bell Labs' crucial inventions made low-density parity check (LDPC) coding reliable and practical for real-world communications. It is an essential component for efficient and reliable transmission of feasible multi-gigabit per second handsets and gNBs.
5G radio stack design
The pioneering 5G numerology for simplified LTE + 5G implementation that was invented at Nokia Bell Labs and the MAC layer solutions for efficient high-rate handset protocols form the basis for new 5G radio designs and quick rollouts.
Nokia Bell Labs pioneered MIMO in 1995 and extended the concept with multi-user MIMO and massive MIMO through its adoption in 5G standards. Massive MIMO is essential for initial Release 15 5G deployments.
Common data layer and stateless net functions
The common data layer supporting 5G stateless network functions is a key enabler for unlimited scalability and resilience in the core, and is an open ecosystem for data exposure and analytics. Another first from Nokia Bell Labs.
Mobile edge computing
Nokia Bell Labs led the development of mobile edge computing (MEC) within ETSI and introduced MEC to 5G. This led to a key architecture paradigm shift for end-to-end low-latency services and private networks for new verticals.
Nokia Bell Labs is a leading contributor to design and definition of an access-agnostic 5G core, providing a universal network solution serving different radio and fixed access technologies. We also championed 5G AKA authentication, an essential ingredient in an efficient and secure 5G.
Nokia Bell Labs is a technology pioneer and industry leader in mmWave for high-capacity wireless access and has invented essential enablers for cost-effective deployment.
Inventions for Release 16
Release 16 enablers for digital transformation of industrial verticals
5G unlicensed spectrum
Nokia championed enhancements enabling 5G New Radio (NR) in unlicensed spectrum bands, increasing capacity for both service providers and private networks, and enabling operation of standalone networks.
Expanding the capabilities of the core for users in enterprise, industrial and other non-public segments.
IIoT is a Release 16 5G enabler for digital transformation of industrial verticals providing innovations for time-critical operations over the 5G network, which are vital for manufacturing automation and many other vertical uses.
Release 17 enablers
NR-Light addresses new use cases with IoT-type requirements for both industrial and consumer applications that cannot be satisfied by eMTC or NB-IoT.
Enhanced industrial IoT
Nokia is leading the evolution of wide-area time-synchronous communications beyond IEEE’s industrial Ethernet solutions, providing native 5G support.