Style Guide

Style is a modification of the American Mathematical Society (AMS) style guide.

  • Give all the authors with their first and middle initials and their surnames. Do not use "et al." as a substitute for authors' names.
  • Abbreviate journal titles as listed in the AMS "Abbreviations of Names of Serials," available at; if the journal is not included, give the title in full.
  • The journal article is in quotes (with initial caps for first and last words and all other words except articles, coordinating conjunctions, prepositions of four letters or fewer, and the to in infinitives) followed by a comma;
  • The journal title is not in italics; the volume number is in regular type followed by a colon and the issue number in regular type and a comma; the year is in parentheses, followed by a comma and inclusive page numbers.

The reference examples below give the style for a variety of reference types.

Example Description

Reference Number(s)

Article/paper [5, 6, 7, 10] Book [3, 12]    Edited book [11, 13]    Edited book with chapter
   by specific authors [15] Conference/proceedings [2, 4, 18, 19] Internet draft [14] Patent [9] Report [16, 20] Standard/recommendation [1, 8, 17]

[1] 3rd Generation Partnership Project 2, "Physical Layer Standard for CDMA2000 Spread Spectrum Systems-Release A," 3GPP2 C.S0002-A, Feb. 8, 2002.

[2] Y. Amir, D. Dolev, S. Kramer, and D. Malki, "Membership Algorithms or Multicast Communication Groups," Proc. 13th Internat. Conf. on Distributed Computing Systems (Pittsburgh, PA, 1993), pp. 551-560.

[3] G. Booch, Object-Oriented Analysis and Design, 2nd ed., Benjamin Cummings, Redwood City, CA, 1994, p. 263.

[4] O. Buyukkokten, H. Garcia-Molina, and A. Paepcke. "Focused Web Searching with PDAs," Proc. 9th Internat.. WWW Conference, (Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2001); published in Computer Networks, 33, 213-230.

[5] D. C. Dowden, R. D. Gitlin, and R. L. Martin, "Next-Generation Networks," Bell Labs Tech. J., 3: 4, (1998), 3-14.

[6] G. Goldszmidt and Y. Yemini, "Delegated Agents for Network Management," IEEE Commun. Mag., 36:3 (1998) 66-70.

[7] G. J. Holzmann and A. Purl, "A Minimized Automaton Representation of Reachable States," Intl. J. Software Tools for Technol. Transfer, 2: 3, Springer-Verlag, (1999), 270-278.

[8] International Telecommunication Union, Telecommunication Standardization Sector, "Packet-Based Multimedia Communication Systems, ITU-T Rec. H.323, Feb. 1998.

[9] D. Kahng, "Electric Field Controlled Semiconductor Device," U. S. Patent 3,102,230, (1963).

[10] V. K. N. Lau, "Variable-Rate Adaptive Channel Coding for CDMA-Reverse Link" Bell Labs Tech. J. 5:4 (2000), 138-156.

[11] L. K. Lustig (ed.), Impact: A Compilation of Bell System Innovations in Science and Engineering, Bell Telephone Laboratories, Murray Hill, NJ, 1981.

[12] J. D. Musa, A. Iannino, and K. Okumoto, Software Reliability: Measurement, Prediction, and Application, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, 1990.

[13] R. Orfali, Client/Server Programming with JAVA™ and CORBA®, 2nd ed. (D. Harkey, ed.), John Wiley, New York, NY, 1998.

[14] C. Perkins and P. Calhoun, "AAA Registration Keys for Mobile IP," IETF Internet Draft, Feb. 2002.

[15] M. R. Phillips and T. E. Darcie, "Lightwave Analog Video Transmission," Optical Fiber Telecommunications, Vol. IIIA (I. P. Kaminow and T. L. Koch, eds.), Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 1997, pp. 523-559.

[16] W. Su and R. Giusto, Erratic Signals: Worldwide Handset Market Forecast and Analysis, Internat. Data Corp., Doc. No. 25417, 2001, pp. 12-14.

[17] Telecommunications Industry Association, "CDMA 2000 Series," TIA/EIA-IS-2000 Series, Electronic Industries Alliance, 1999.

[18] D. Wagner, B. Schneier, and J. Kelsey, "Cryptanalysis of Cellular Message Encryption Algorithms," Advances in Cryptology, CRYPTO '97 Proc., Springer-Verlag, New York, NY, 1997.

[19] R. S. Windeler, J. L. Wagener, and D. J. DiGiovanni, "Silica-Air Microstructured Fibers: Properties and Applications," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. Tech. Digest (San Diego, CA, 1999), paper FGI.

[20] T. S. Winsome (ed.), Y2K Hit Results, GPO, Washington, DC, 2001.