Hong Yang

Murray Hill, NJ, USA
Research Scientist


HONG YANG received the Ph.D. degree in Applied Mathematics from Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA. He worked in academia and for a start-up network technology company before joining Lucent Technologies and Alcatel-Lucent, where he was with the Wireless Design Center, the Systems Engineering Department, and the Bell Labs Research. He is currently a Research Scientist with the Mathematics of Networks and Communications Research Department, Nokia Bell Labs, Murray Hill, NJ, USA, where he conducts research in communications networks. He has co-authored many research papers in wireless communications, applied mathematics, control theory, and financial economics. He co-invented many U.S. and international patents. He co-authored the book Fundamentals of Massive MIMO (Cambridge University Press, 2016).


Ph.D., Applied Mathematics, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA

Selected articles and publications

“Cell-Free Massive MIMO with low-complexity hybrid beamforming”, Proc. IEEE ICC, 2022.

“Energy efficient Massive MIMO in massive Industrial Internet of Things networks”, IEEE Internet Things J.

“Deep learning based power control for Cell-Free Massive MIMO with MRT”, Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM, December 2021.

“A scalable and energy-efficient IoT system supported by Cell-Free Massive MIMO”, IEEE Internet Things J., Vol. 8, No. 19, pages 14705 – 14718, October 2021.

“Cell-Free Massive MIMO is LoS”, Proc. 93rd IEEE  32nd Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC), September 2021.

“Can Massive MIMO support URLLC?”, Proc. 93rd IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, May 2021.

“Pilot length and channel estimation for Massive MIMO IoT systems”, IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., Vol. 69, No. 12, pages 15532 – 15544, December 2020

“Optimally supporting IoT with Cell-Free Massive MIMO”, Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM, December 2020.

“Prospective Multiple Antenna Technologies for Beyond 5G”, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., Vol. 38, No. 8, pages 1637 – 1660, August 2020.

“Massive MIMO with massive connectivity for Industrial Internet of Things”, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., Vol. 67, No. 6, pages 5187 – 5196, June 2020.

“How to associate users with access points in a small cell network?”, Proc. 91st IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, May 2020.

“Internet of Things based on Cell-Free Massive MIMO”, Proc. 53rd Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers, November 2019.

“Can Massive MIMO support uplink intensive applications?”, Proc. IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, April 2019.

“Multi-cell Massive MIMO in LoS”, Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM, December 2018.

“Antenna count for Massive MIMO: 1.9 GHz versus 60 GHz”, IEEE Commun. Mag., Vol. 56, No. 9, pages 132 – 137, September 2018.“User scheduling in Massive MIMO”, Proc. 19th IEEE International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Commun., June 2018.

“Energy efficiency of Massive MIMO: cell-free vs. cellular”, Proc. 87th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, June 2018.

“Massive MIMO for industrial internet of things in cyber-physical systems”, IEEE Trans. Ind. Informat., 14(6):2641 - 2652, June 2018.

“Max-min SINR dependence on channel correlation in line-of-sight Massive MIMO”, Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM, Dec. 2017.

“Massive MIMO with max-min power control in line-of-sight propagation environment”, IEEE Trans. Commun., 65(11):4685 - 4693, Nov. 2017.

“Precoding and power optimization in cell-free Massive MIMO systems”, IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., 16(7):4445 - 4459, July 2017.

“Massive MIMO in line-of-sight propagation”, Proc. 85th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, June 2017.

“Cell-free Massive MIMO versus small cells”, IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., 16(3):1834 -1850, Mar. 2017.

“A mathematical model of demand-supply dynamics with collectability and saturation factors”, International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos, Vol. 27, No. 1, Jan. 2017

“Heterogeneous Massive MIMO with small cells”, Proc. 83rd IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, May 2016.

“Energy-efficient resource allocation for Massive MIMO amplify-and-forward relay systems”, IEEE Access, Vol. 4, pp. 2771 - 2787, June 2016.

“Cell-free Massive MIMO systems”, Proc. 49th IEEE Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Conputers, Nov. 2015.

“Cell-free Massive MIMO: uniformly great service for everyone”, Proc. 16th IEEE International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Commun., June 2015.

“On existence of power controls for massive MIMO”, Proc. IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory, June 2015.

“Performance of pilot reuse in multi-cell massive MIMO”, Proc. 3rd IEEE International Black Sea Conference on Communications and Networking, May 2015.

“Energy efficient design of massive MIMO: How many antennas?”, Proc. 81st IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, May 2015.

“Quantized beamforming in massive MIMO”, Proc. 49th Annual Conference on Information Sciences and Systems, Mar. 2015.

“On the arrow of time”, Discrete and continuous dynamical systems, Series S, Volume 7, Number 6, Dec. 2014

“A macro cellular wireless network with uniformly high user throughputs”, Proc. 80th Vehicular Technology Conference, Sept. 2014.

“Total energy efficiency of cellular large scale antenna system multiple access mobile networks”, Proc. IEEE Online Conference on Green Commun., Oct. 2013.

“Capacity performance of multicell large scale antenna systems”, Proc. 51st Allerton Conference on Communication, Control, and Computing, Oct. 2013.

“Multicast Performance of Large-Scale Antenna Systems”, Proc. 14th IEEE International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Commun., June 2013.

“Performance of conjugate and zeroforcing beamforming in Large-Scale Antenna Systems”, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., 31(2):172-179, 2013.

“Differential fade margin and handoff gain of wireless cellular networks”, Bell Labs Technical Journal General Paper Issue, June 2012.

“Simple formulas for area coverage probability of cellular wireless networks”, Proc. 75th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, May 2012.

“Cost effective improvement of EV-DO user experience through contention-based carrier addition”, Bell Labs Technical Journal General Paper Issue, June 2011.


Co-author,Fundamentals of Massive MIMO, Cambridge University Press, Dec. 2016

Contributor, Handbook of CDMA System Design, Engineering, and Optimization, (Edited by K. I. Kim), Prentice Hall, 2000


“Methods and apparatuses for configuring number of antennas for massive MIMO communication”.

“Pilots assignment in cell-free massive MIMO wireless systesms ”.

“Non-cooperative power control for large-scale antenna systems ”.

“Large-scale antenna system as rural household broadband service backhauls”.

“Multiplcast methods for large-scale antenna systems”.

“Dual –tier wireless communication system”

“LSLASH-NET: Large-Scale Antenna System Heterogeneous Network”

“Method of improving transmission gain at a network element having a plurality of antennas”

“Method for estimating the downlink capacity in a spread spectrum wireless communications system”

“Method for locating a mobile unit”