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Francois Durand

Paris-Saclay, France
Research Engineer

Biography

I was a student at the École Normale Supérieure, rue d'Ulm from 2000 to 2005. My formation was in Physics, Computer Science and Political Science. From 2003 to 2010, I worked in the humanitarian field as a trainer, financial coordinator and manager. From 2011 to 2015, I worked at LINCS, a joint lab between academics and industrials, as a research engineer in the GANG research team. In 2015-2017, I worked as a postdoctorate associate in a joint project involving the LAMSADE of Université Paris Dauphine and the CREM team of Université Caen - Basse Normandie. Since 2018, I have been working in Nokia Bell Labs France and back in the LINCS.

In my main research area, I work on voting systems and their manipulability (tactical voting), using computer simulations and tools from game theory. For an overview, watch my PhD defense. I developped several Python packages on this topic:

  • SVVAMP (Simulator of Various Voting Algorithms in Manipulating Populations): study voting systems and their manipulability.
  • Whalrus (Which Alternative Represents Us): exploit various voting systems for practical applications.
  • Poisson Approval: study the voting rule called Approval Voting in the theoretical framework of Poisson games.

I also work on using Artificial Intelligence for wireless networks, for example optimizing the choice between 4G and 5G in a dual connectivity scenario, or creating a simulator for evaluating the performances of beamtracking and user selection algorithms.

I developed Package Helper 2, a tool that helps developers to create and maintain a Python package.

I coordinate two working groups of the LINCS: the reading group Network Theory and the Python Workshop.

Education

2000-2005: Student at the École Normale Supérieure, rue d'Ulm.

2015: PhD thesis in Computer Science (Pierre and Marie Curie University).

Selected articles and publications

Thesis

François Durand. Towards less manipulable voting systems. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2015. English version: ⟨tel-03654945⟩. French version: ⟨tel-01242440v2⟩.

International Conferences

François Durand, Antonin Macé, Matias Nunez. Analysis of Approval Voting in Poisson Games. the 2019 ACM Conference, Jun 2019, Phoenix, AZ, United States. pp.317-320. ⟨hal-02293130

Sylvain Bouveret, Yann Chevaleyre, François Durand, Jérôme Lang. Voting by Sequential Elimination with few Voters. 26th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Aug 2017, Melbourne, Australia. ⟨hal-01609246

François Durand, Fabien Mathieu, Ludovic Noirie. SVVAMP: Simulator of Various Voting Algorithms in Manipulating Populations. Thirtieth AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-16), Feb 2016, Phoenix, United States. ⟨hal-01369835

François Durand, Fabien Mathieu, Ludovic Noirie. Can a Condorcet Rule Have a Low Coalitional Manipulability?. European Conference on Artificial Intelligence (ECAI), Aug 2016, Den Haag, Netherlands. pp.707-715. ⟨hal-01369877

François Durand, Benoît Kloeckner, Fabien Mathieu, Ludovic Noirie. Geometry on the Utility Space. Fourth International Conference on Algorithmic Decision Theory, Sep 2015, Lexington, United States. pp.16. ⟨hal-01222871

François Durand, Benoît Kloeckner, Fabien Mathieu, Ludovic Noirie. Geometry on the Utility Space. The 12th Meeting of the Society for Social Choice and Welfare (SSCW 2014), Jun 2014, Boston, United States. ⟨hal-01096018⟩

International Workshops

François Durand, Fabien Mathieu, Philippe Jacquet. Shannon, Turing and Hats: Information Theory Incompleteness. WITMSE 2017 - Tenth Workshop on Information Theoretic Methods in Science and Engineering, Sep 2017, Paris, France. ⟨hal-01675019

François Durand, Fabien Mathieu, Ludovic Noirie. On the Manipulability of Voting Systems: Application to Multi-Operator Networks. 8th International Workshop on Internet Charging and QoS Technologies (ICQT 2013, collocated with the 9th International Conference on Network and Service Management CNSM 2013), Oct 2013, Zurich, Switzerland. pp.292-297. ⟨hal-00874096⟩

French Conferences

Théo Delemazure, François Durand, Fabien Mathieu. Démocratie à géométrie variable (à l'usage des algorithmes). ALGOTEL 2021 - 23èmes Rencontres Francophones sur les Aspects Algorithmiques des Télécommunications, Jun 2021, La Rochelle, France. ⟨hal-03213987

François Durand, Fabien Mathieu, Ludovic Noirie. Élection d'un chemin dans un réseau : étude de la manipulabilité. ALGOTEL 2014 -- 16èmes Rencontres Francophones sur les Aspects Algorithmiques des Télécommunications, Jun 2014, Le Bois-Plage-en-Ré, France. pp.1-4. ⟨hal-00986050

François Durand, Fabien Mathieu, Ludovic Noirie. Élection du Best Paper AlgoTel 2012 : étude de la manipulabilité. ALGOTEL 2014 -- 16èmes Rencontres Francophones sur les Aspects Algorithmiques des Télécommunications, Jun 2014, Le Bois-Plage-en-Ré, France. pp.1-4. ⟨hal-00986060⟩

Journal

Herrade Igersheim, François Durand, Aaron Hamlin, Jean-Francois Laslier. Comparing voting methods: 2016 US presidential election. European Journal of Political Economy. 2021. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/352547793_Comparing_voting_methods_2016_US_presidential_election

Poster

François Durand, Fabien Mathieu, Ludovic Noirie. Reducing Manipulability. Fifth International Workshop on Computational Social Choice (ComSoC - 14), Jun 2014, Pittsburgh, United States. 2014. ⟨hal-01095992⟩