Safety of Information and Communication Technology Equipment Used in Smart Grid Applications

  • Gies D.

This paper explores the merger of power utility circuits with that of the information and communication technology (ICT) equipment under the smart grid and the safety implications that this poses, and determines what is the maximum voltage that ICT equipment, designed in accordance with IEC 62368-1 can directly access power-grid ...

An Empirical Outdoor-to-Indoor Path Loss Model From Below 6 GHz to cm-Wave Frequency Bands

  • Kovacs I.
  • Mogensen P.
  • Nguyen H.
  • Rodriguez I.
  • Tbsã¸Rensen

This letter presents an empirical multifrequency outdoor-to-indoor path loss model. The model is based on measurements performed on the exact same set of scenarios for different frequency bands ranging from traditional cellular allocations below 6 GHz (0.8, 2, 3.5, and 5.2 GHz), up to centimeter (cm)-wave frequencies (10, 18, and ...

Multidimensional Resource Allocation in NFV Cloud

  • Goldstein M.
  • Raz D.
  • Segall I.

Network Function Virtualization (NFV) is a new networking paradigm in which network functionality is implemented on top of virtual infrastructure deployed over COTS servers. One of the main motivations for the shift of telco operators into this paradigm is cost reduction, thus the efficient use of resources is an important ...

The Actual Cost of Software Switching for NFV Chaining

  • Caggiani Luizelli M.
  • Raz D.
  • Saar Y.
  • Yallouz J.

Network Function Virtualization (NFV) is a novel paradigm allowing flexible and scalable implementation of network services on cloud infrastructure. An important enabler for the NFV paradigm is software switching, which needs to satisfy rigid network requirements such as high throughput and low latency. Despite recent research activities in the field ...

Order-Optimal Rate of Caching and Coded Multicasting With Random Demands

  • Caire G.
  • Ji M.
  • Llorca J.
  • Tulino A.

We consider the canonical shared link caching network formed by a source node, hosting a library of $m$ information messages (files), connected via a noiseless multicast link to $n$ user nodes, each equipped with a cache of size $M$ files. Users request files independently at random according to an a-priori ...

5G Radio Access Protocols with Multi-User Detection for URLLC

  • Marco Centenaro
  • Saur S.

In this paper we present both collision-free and contention-based radio access protocols for sporadic small data packet transmissions in the uplink of 5G. We compare them by computer simulations with respect to throughput and a joint latency plus reliability metric. Based on that we analyze the tradeoff between number of ...

Power Fluctuations of Intermodal Four-Wave Mixing in Few-Mode Fibers

  • Esmaeelpour M.
  • Essiambre R.
  • Fontaine N.
  • Lingle R.
  • Ryf R.
  • Sun Y.
  • Toulouse J.

We demonstrate the full bandwidth measurement of the intermodal four-wave mixing efficiency for a 4.7-km three-spatial-mode few-mode fiber. Large fluctuations of intermodal four-wave mixing between the LP $_{01}$ and LP$_{11}$ modes are experimentally observed. These fluctuations exhibit a strong wavelength dependence that can be persistent in time. The fluctuations are ...

Large-Signal Modeling of Multi-finger InP DHBT Devices at Millimeter-Wave Frequencies

  • Dupuy J.
  • Johansen T.
  • Konczykowska A.
  • Midili V.
  • Nodjiadjim V.
  • Riet M.
  • Squartecchia M.
  • Zhurbenko V.

A large-signal modeling approach has been developed for multi-finger devices fabricated in an Indium Phosphide (InP) Double Heterojunction Bipolar Transistor (DHBT) process. The approach utilizes unit-finger device models embedded in a multi-port parasitic network. The unit-finger model is based on an improved UCSD HBT model formulation avoiding an erroneous RciCbci ...

Low Conversion Loss 94 GHz and 188 GHz Doublers in InP DHBT Technology

  • Dupuy J.
  • Johansen T.
  • Konczykowska A.
  • Midili V.
  • Nodjiadjim V.
  • Riet M.
  • Rybalko Oleksandr
  • Squartecchia M.
  • Zhurbenko V.

An Indium Phosphide (InP) Double Heterojunction Bipolar Transistor (DHBT) process has been utilized to design two doublers to cover the 94 GHz and 188 GHz bands. The 94 GHz doubler employs 4-finger DHBTs and provides conversion loss of 2 dB. A maximum output power of nearly 3 dBm is measured ...

On Deep Learning-Based Channel Decoding

  • Cammerer S.
  • Gruber T.
  • Hoydis J.
  • Ten Brink S.

We revisit the idea of using deep neural networks for one-shot decoding of random and structured codes, such as polar codes. Although it is possible to achieve maximum a posteriori (MAP) bit error rate (BER) performance for both code families and for short codeword lengths, we observe that (i) structured ...

Experimental Study of Electro-Optic Crosstalk in Parallel Silicon Photonic Mach-Zehnder Modulators

  • Chen X.
  • De Valicourt G.
  • Dong P.
  • Jiang Lingjun
  • Kim K.
  • Zhaoran Rena Huang

The electro-optic crosstalk between two parallel silicon Mach-Zehnder modulators is characterized. Up to 1.6-dB power penalty and 2.5-dB OSNR sensitivity degradation are observed for 36-Gb/s on-off-keying signals, posing challenge to dense photonic integration.

Accurate Calculation of Modal Refractive Indices in Slightly Elliptical Optical Fibers

  • Agrawal G.
  • Antikainen A.
  • Essiambre R.

We present a novel perturbation approach to accurately calculate the effects of core ellipticity on the modal propagation constants in step-index fibers. The method enables simple computation of the mode profiles and their effective indices.

On-chip detection of immune-cell secretion using a circular nanoplasmonic interferometer array

  • Bartoli F.
  • Cheng X.
  • Gan Q.
  • Gao Y.
  • Kumar S.
  • Li H.
  • Qian Y.
  • Zeng X.

The MMP-9 protein secreted by THP1 cells was detected using an on-chip circular nanoplasmonic interferometer array. Sensitive dynamic analysis of MMP-9 in the supernatant was demonstrated, suggesting the device a potential for cell function analysis.

An improvement in delay mismatch tolerance for 128 Gbaud 16QAM spectral slicing transmission system employing multicarrier technique

  • Le S.
  • Megret P.
  • Nguyen T.
  • Wuilpart M.

We demonstrate for the first time the remarkable delay mismatch tolerance of the filter bank multicarrier over orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for the transmission of a 128 Gbaud 16QAM supersignal with single coherence receiver.

Nonlinear Fourier based spectral filtering

  • Derevyanko S.
  • Kamalian M.
  • Le S.
  • Prilepsky J.
  • Turitsyn S.

The new concept of filtering the nonlinear spectrum of signal in order to reduce the noise-induced signal degradation is introduced and, as the result, the performance improvement at high powers is demonstrated.

A Novel Ultra-broadband, Hybrid High-Low Band Wireless Access

  • Calin D.
  • Kaya A.
  • Viswanathan H.

This paper addresses the design of an ultra-broadband wireless access system, as an alternative to fiber to the home (FTTH) deployments. Hence, the system must be capable of delivering very high data rates to indoor users without the need of deploying fiber to homes. We show that a hybrid wireless ...

Impact of Humans on the Design and Performance of Millimeter Wave Cellular Networks in Stadiums

  • Calin D.
  • Jeffrey G. Andrews
  • Kaya A.
  • Mandar N. Kulkarni

We use 3-D ray tracing to evaluate the performance of millimeter wave (mmWave) cellular in a realistic model of MetLife stadium, NJ, USA. We model thousands of human blockages using the dielectric properties at 28GHz. Using this setup, we contrast the coverage and capacity performance with and without human blockages. ...

Cost-aware fronthaul rate allocation to maximize benefit of multi-user reception in C-RAN

  • Boviz D.
  • Chen C.
  • Yang S.

Aiming throughput enhancement in future mobile networks dense deployment of wireless access points (APs) is intended. Spectral efficiency on the uplink can be improved via joint processing of users located in areas covered by several APs. Thanks to centralized processing of such users offered by Cloud Radio Access Network (C-RAN) ...

Enhanced Split TCP with End-to-End Protocol Semantic over Wireless Networks

  • Calin D.
  • Kim B.
  • Lee I.

The global mobile traffic is exponentially growing and more than 90% of the Internet traffic uses Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) for reliable transmission. However, TCP is known to perform poorly over unreliable wireless networks. One of the promising families of solutions to improve the performance of TCP is centered on ...

On Medium and Long Term Channel Conditions Prediction for Mobile Devices

  • Faucher D.
  • Grinshpun E.
  • Sharma S.
  • Wang X.

With wireless spectrum being a precious commodity, the knowledge of the future wireless channel conditions is very valuable. Channel condition maps enable wireless service providers to identify and fix coverage gaps as they build their networks and deploy a variety of self-optimization technologies. Knowing future channel conditions for an individual ...