January 01, 2017

TWDM-PON Burst Mode Lasers with Reduced Thermal Frequency Shift

  • Barbet S.
  • Bonk R.
  • Borkowski R.
  • Brenot R.
  • Debregeas H.
  • Pfeiffer T.
  • Provost J.

For emerging TWDM-PON systems, based on burst-mode operation over WDM channels, a main challenge is the laser self-heating during bursts. This effect creates a drift of the emission frequency, leading to degraded transmission performances, and perturbation of adjacent channels. We explain an accurate method for characterization of wavelength drift during bursts at a bit time level, and use this method along the paper to characterize frequency drifts in burst-mode operation. First, we present an optimized directly modulated laser design for reduced self-heating, compatible for 100GHz-spaced systems. Then we propose a new solution based on counter-heating of the laser with a side heater, enabling to reduce self-heating induced frequency drift. This counter-heating scheme is applied to a standard laser, demonstrating a stringent reduction of frequency drift, and making it compatible for 100GHz-spaced TWDM-PON transmissions. This simple method opens the way for simple low-cost transmitters in dense and high power TWDM-PON systems.

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