From Documents to Dialogues: Programming Technology for the Conversational Web

  • Van Cutsem T.

A paradigm shift is taking place on the Web. Users spend less and less time using browsers and more and more time using instant messaging applications. While originally designed to facilitate communication among humans, these platforms now position themselves as "next-generation browsers" to interact with services and businesses. They do this by offering the ability to extend their platforms with chatbots: applications that interact with the user through chat. This shift toward a dialoge-based mode of interaction will have a profound impact on the programming technologies that will be needed to effectively develop applications for the Conversational Web. While existing Web technology will continue to play an important role, new frameworks are emerging that facilitate dialogue-based interactions. There is also a growing need to extend explicitly programmed scripts with AI toolkits to bridge the gap between ambiguous humans and rigid APIs. We will discuss these trends, review today's state-of-the-art bot SDKs and AI toolkits, and highlight new opportunities where programming abstractions and program analyses can help developers in this rapidly evolving domain.

Recent Publications

January 01, 2018

Fair Dynamic Spectrum Management for QRD-Based Precoding with User Encoding Ordering in Downstream G.fast Transmission

In next generation DSL networks such as G.fast, employing discrete multi-tone transmission in high frequencies up to 212 MHz, the crosstalk among lines reaches very high levels. To precompensate the crosstalk in downstream transmission, QRD-based precoding has been proposed as a near-optimal dynamic spectrum management (DSM) technique. However, the performance ...

January 01, 2018

Practical Mitigation of Passive Intermodulation in Microstrip Circuits

This paper presents new experimental evidence and a novel practical approach for mitigation of passive intermodulation (PIM) in microstrip circuits fabricated on commercial printed circuit board laminates. The mechanisms of distributed PIM in microstrip circuits are reviewed and a phenomenology of PIM generation due to locally enhanced electromagnetic fields at ...

January 01, 2018

Efficient Cooperative HARQ for Multi-Source Multi-Relay Wireless Networks

In this paper, we compare the performance of three different cooperative Hybrid Automatic Repeat reQuest (HARQ) protocols for slow-fading half-duplex orthogonal multiple access multiple relay channel. Channel State Information (CSI) is available at the receiving side of each link only. Time Division Multiplexing is assumed, where each orthogonal transmission occurs ...