On the Performance of Multi-tier Heterogeneous Cellular Networks with Idle Mode Capability
This paper studies the impact of the base station (BS) idle mode capability (IMC) on the network performance of multi-tier and dense heterogeneous cellular networks (HCNs). Different from most existing works that investigated network scenarios with infinite user equipments (UEs), we consider a more practical setup with a finite number of UEs in our analysis. More specifically, the probability of which BS tier a typical UE should associate to and the expression of the activated BS density in each tier are derived. Analytical expressions for the coverage probability and the area spectral efficiency (ASE) in each tier are also obtained. The impact of the IMC on the performance of all BS tiers is shown to be significant. In particular, there will be a surplus of BSs when the BS density in each tier exceeds the UE density, and the overall coverage probability as well as the ASE continuously increase when the BS IMC is applied. Such finding is distinctively different from that in existing work. This result sheds new light on the design and deployment of the future 5G HCNs.