July 13, 2017

Optimal Resource Configuration of Complex Services in the Cloud

  • Abhinandan Sridhara Rao Prasad
  • Arjona Aroca J.
  • David Koll
  • Hilt V.
  • Omana Iglesias J.
  • Xiaoming Fu

Virtualization helps to deploy the functionality of expensive and rigid hardware appliances on scalable virtual resources running on commodity servers. However, optimal resource provisioning for non-trivial services is still an open problem. While there have been efforts to answer the questions of when to provision additional resources in a running service, and how many resources are needed, the question of what should be provisioned has not been investigated, in particular, for complex applications or services, which consist of a set of connected components, where each component in turn potentially consists of multiple component instances (e.g., VMs or containers). Each instance of a component can be run in different flavors (i.e., number of cores or amount of memory), while the service constructed by the combination of these component configurations must satisfy the customer Service Level Objective (SLO). In this work, we offer to service providers an answer to the what to deploy question by introducing RConfPD, a system that automatically chooses the optimal combination of component instances for non-trivial network services. In particular, we propose an analytical model based on robust queuing theory that is able to accurately model arbitrary components, and develop an algorithm that finds the combination of their instances, such that the overall utilization of the running instances is maximized while meeting SLO requirements.

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