April 01, 2017

On the Split-TCP Performance Over Real 4G LTE and 3G Wireless Networks

  • Calin D.
  • Kim B.

The global mobile traffic is growing exponentially, and currently more than 90% of the internet traffic depends on Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) for reliable transmission. However, it is well known that TCP performs quite poorly over unreliable wireless networks, while its dynamic TCP flow control is sensitive to congestion events and tends to underutilize the available network capacity. Despite these known limitations, the industry believes that a significant network performance enhancement can be achieved through TCP optimization, and in particular through solutions centered on Split-TCP. In this paper we share a sample of TCP throughput performance measurements after implementing Split-TCP on commercial 4G LTE and 3G networks. Experimental results show that the Split-TCP provides average TCP throughput gains in the order of 60% over a 4G LTE network and in the order of 5% over a 3G network. Furthermore, TCP throughput gains superior to 200% were measured for individual TCP connections over LTE network. We expect such throughput gains to be even greater when advanced radio technologies, such as 5G, are deployed. For these reasons, Split-TCP has the potential to be widely deployed in both current and next generation networks.

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Based on the physical model of a bulk reflective semiconductor optical amplifier (RSOA) used as a modulator in radio over fiber (RoF) links, the distributions of carrier density, signal photon density, and amplified spontaneous emission photon density are demonstrated. One of limits in the use of RSOA is the lower ...

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