May 20, 2017

The Actual Cost of Software Switching for NFV Chaining

  • Caggiani Luizelli M.
  • Raz D.
  • Saar Y.
  • Yallouz J.

Network Function Virtualization (NFV) is a novel paradigm allowing flexible and scalable implementation of network services on cloud infrastructure. An important enabler for the NFV paradigm is software switching, which needs to satisfy rigid network requirements such as high throughput and low latency. Despite recent research activities in the field of NFV, not much attention was given to understanding the costs of software switching in NFV deployments. Existing approaches for traffic steering and orchestration of virtual network functions either neglect the cost of software switching or assume that it can be provided as an input, and therefore real NFV deployments of network services is often suboptimal. In this work, we conduct an extensive and in-depth evaluation of the impact of service chaining deployments on Open vSwitch -- the de facto standard software switch for cloud environments. We provide insights on network performance metrics such as latency, throughput, CPU utilization and packet processing, when considering different placement strategies of a service chain. We then use these insights to provide an abstract generalized cost function that accurately captures the CPU cost for network switching in deployed service chains, which is an essential building block for any practical optimization placement strategy for NFV service chaining.

Recent Publications

August 09, 2017

A Cloud Native Approach to 5G Network Slicing

  • Francini A.
  • Miller R.
  • Sharma S.

5G networks will have to support a set of very diverse and often extreme requirements. Network slicing offers an effective way to unlock the full potential of 5G networks and meet those requirements on a shared network infrastructure. This paper presents a cloud native approach to network slicing. The cloud ...

August 01, 2017

Modeling and simulation of RSOA with a dual-electrode configuration

  • De Valicourt G.
  • Liu Z.
  • Violas M.
  • Wang H.
  • Wu Q.

Based on the physical model of a bulk reflective semiconductor optical amplifier (RSOA) used as a modulator in radio over fiber (RoF) links, the distributions of carrier density, signal photon density, and amplified spontaneous emission photon density are demonstrated. One of limits in the use of RSOA is the lower ...

July 12, 2017

PrivApprox: Privacy-Preserving Stream Analytics

  • Chen R.
  • Christof Fetzer
  • Le D.
  • Martin Beck
  • Pramod Bhatotia
  • Thorsten Strufe

How to preserve users' privacy while supporting high-utility analytics for low-latency stream processing? To answer this question: we describe the design, implementation and evaluation of PRIVAPPROX, a data analytics system for privacy-preserving stream processing. PRIVAPPROX provides three properties: (i) Privacy: zero-knowledge privacy (ezk) guarantees for users, a privacy bound tighter ...