December 22, 2016

Self-Optimization of Coverage and Sleep Modes in Multi-Vendor Enterprise Femtocells

  • Claussen H.
  • Gacanin H.
  • Ho L.

The use of small cells is a promising way of providing the required capacity in future cellular networks through densification. Self-organizing network (SON) techniques are required in small cells, particularly in femtocells where plug-and-play user deployments are used. However, these techniques have tended to be implemented by vendors with proprietary algorithms that uses low-level UE measurements which are not easily accessible to network operators. This makes the management of femtocells in a multi-vendor environment difficult for network operators. In this paper, we present a centralized SON technique to perform load balancing, coverage optimization and manage sleep modes that utilizes high-level measurements made at the femtocells which are easily available through the widely used TR- 069 device management protocol standard. This allows network operators the flexibility of implementing and coordinating the SON techniques in multi-vendor femtocell deployments. We show that, despite the limited amount of information used, the technique proposed is able to effectively optimize the coverage in order to balance load and manage sleep modes whilst ensuring that no coverage gaps occur.

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