February 20, 2016

Dynamic Network Service Optimization in Distributed Cloud Networks

  • Feng H.
  • Llorca J.
  • Molisch A.
  • Raz D.
  • Tulino A.

Distributed cloud networking enables the deployment of network services in the form of interconnected virtual network functions instantiated over general purpose hardware at multiple cloud locations distributed across the network. The network service distribution problem has been considered as a static global optimization problem to find the placement of virtual functions and the routing of network flows that meet a given set of demands with minimum cost. In this paper, motivated by the scale, dynamics, and heterogeneity of network services in distributed cloud networks, we address the design of distributed online solutions that provide global system guarantees via local interactions without knowledge of the statistics of service demands. We characterize the cloud network capacity region and propose a distributed joint flow scheduling and resource allocation algorithm that stabilizes the underlying queuing system within this region, while achieving arbitrarily close to minimum average network cost, with a tradeoff in network delay. Numerical results confirm our theoretical analysis and demonstrate remark- ably good convergence to the optimal cloud network configuration within a number of network settings.

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